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It Is Estimated That 1 in 3 Americans Will Develop Type 2 Diabetes
Wednesday, December 3, 2014

Researchers are always looking for better ways to treat or prevent diabetes as it can create many health problems. Many people choose to participate in research studies, or clinical trials, which evaluate new treatments to help healthcare providers better understand diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. It is estimated that 1 in 3 Americans will develop diabetes.

What Is Type 2 Diabetes?

People with type 2 diabetes still make insulin, unlike in type 1 diabetes. The difference in type 2 diabetes is the pancreas either doesn’t make enough insulin, or the body can’t use the insulin effectively. When this happens, glucose (sugar) can't get into the body's cells. When sugar builds up in the blood instead of going into cells, the body's cells are not able to function properly. High blood sugar over time can cause many other complications.

Complications Associated With Type 2 Diabetes:

  • Eye damage (Retinopathy). People with type 2 diabetes over time will develop some form of eye problem. It is important to control not only blood sugar but also blood pressure and cholesterol to prevent eye disease from getting worse.
  • Kidney damage (Nephropathy). The risk of kidney disease gets worse over time, meaning the longer you have diabetes, the greater your risk. If not caught early, kidney damage can lead to kidney failure.
  • Poor blood circulation and nerve damage (Neuropathy). Damage to the blood vessels can lead to a higher risk of stroke and heart attack as well as peripheral artery disease. Damage to nerves and hardening of the arteries leads to worse sensation and poor blood circulation in the feet raising the risk of infections and possible amputations.

Prevention of complications:

  • Keep track of your blood sugar and take necessary steps to keep in under good control
  • Monitor and control your blood pressure
  • Control your cholesterol
WHAT IS THE A1C BLOOD TEST? Watch the video below:

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